Центральная Азия в международных индексах и программах оценки управления земельными ресурсами.

Акбикеш Мухтарова

Высшая Школа Государственной Политики, Назарбаев Университет (ВШГП НУ), 01000, просп. Кабанбай батыра, 53, г. Нур-Султан, Республика Казахстан

E-mail: akbikesh.mukhtarova@nu.edu.kz

https://doi.org/10.29258/CAJWR/2021-R1.v7-2/74-96.eng
Аннотация

Научная литература охватывает различные аспекты управления земельными ресурсами, уделяя основное внимание аграрным, правовым и экономическим аспектам. Однако изучению управления земельными ресурсами через призму общественной политики уделяется мало внимания. В частности, это относится к странам Центральной Азии (ЦА), где наблюдается заметный недостаток научных работ посвященных изучению эффективности управления земельными ресурсами и стратегиям борьбы с коррупцией в земельном секторе. В данном обзоре анализируется вопрос о том, как страны Центральной Азии представлены в индексах и системах оценки качества управления земельными ресурсами, таких как Система оценки управления земельными ресурсами Всемирного банка (LGAF), Глобальном индексе прав собственности (Prindex), Глобальном индексе управления земельными ресурсами (LANDex), а также Барометре открытых данных (The Open Data Barometer). В статье используется комплексный обзор академических работ и эмпирических данных, проанализированных автором о показателях Центральной Азии в индексах и программах оценки управления земельными ресурсами. Обзор показал, что, результаты Prindex для региона выглядят позитивными, однако отсутствие активного участия стран Центральной Азии в Барометре открытых данных, LANDex и LGAF все еще заметны. Этот факт можно объяснить различными причинами, в том числе недостатком институционального и правового потенциала в странах ЦА в сфере измерения качества управления земельными ресурсами; вместе с тем, и недостатками в методах сбора данных, наблюдаемых в существующих земельных индексах. Учитывая, что эта тема недостаточно изучена, ожидается, что данная обзорная статья придаст как академическому сообществу, так и специалистам — практикам региона и зарубежным экспертам импульс для дальнейшего изучения и обсуждения вопросов связанных с улучшением показателей Центральной Азии в глобальных индексах и программах оценки управления земельными ресурсами.

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Для цитирования: Mukhtarova, A. (2021) ‘Central Asia performance review in land governance indices and assessment frameworks’, Central Asian Journal of Water Research, 7(2), pp. 74–96. doi: 10.29258/CAJWR/2021-R1.v7-2/74-96.eng.

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Глобальный индекс прав собственности (Prindex), Глобальный индекс управления земельными ресурсами (LANDex), коррупция в системе управления земельными ресурсами, Центральная Азия

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