Государственное дерегулирование хлопковой отрасли в Узбекистане: Реформы и последствия.

Этенеш Б. Асфау

Центр политических исследований и просветительской деятельности, Вестминстерский международный университет в Ташкенте. Ул. Истикбол, 12, Мирабадский район, Ташкент 100047

E-mail: easfaw@wiut.uz 

https://doi.org/10.29258/CAJWR/2021-R1.v7-2/121-137.eng
Аннотация

За последние пять лет цепочка поставок хлопка в Узбекистане пережила волну реформ по дерегулированию. В данной статье предпринята попытка оценить процесс и результаты осуществляемого государством перехода от централизованно планируемого хлопкового сектора к частным хлопково-текстильным кластерам. В статье используются вторичные источники данных для описательного анализа последствий политики дерегулирования. Исследование показывает, что реформы дерегулирования повысили производительность сектора. Реформы также вертикально интегрировали цепочку поставок хлопка от производства и до маркетинга. Однако в реформах не вполне присутствует прозрачность и согласованность с потребностями фермеров, вовлеченных как в производство, так и в продажу  хлопка-сырца. Как следствие, обещания реформ и инициатив по дерегулированию под руководством государства оказались сведены на нет. В статье обозначены возникающие риски и противоречия протекающих реформ по либерализации и приватизации хлопкового сектора в Узбекистане. 

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Для цитирования: Asfaw, E. B. (2021). State-led cotton deregulation in Uzbekistan: Reforms and effects. Central Asian Journal of Water Research, 7(2), 121–137. https://doi.org/10.29258/CAJWR/2021-R1.v7-2/121-137.eng

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дерегулирование, либерализация, приватизация, хлопковые кластеры, Хлопок, цепочка поставок

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