Current state of ichthyofauna and prospects of fish-husbandry utilization of the Syrdarya River delta lakes

T. Adayev1*, T. Barakbayev2, S. Sharakhmetov2

1 Aral Branch of Fishery Research and Production Center LL, Kyzylorda 120014, 46 Zheltoksan str.

Biodiversity and Bioresources Department, al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Al Farabi Ave. 71, Almaty,   050040.

* Corresponding author: temirlandj@mail.ru

https://doi.org/10.29258/CAJWR/2021-R1.v7-2/20-46.rus

Research paper

Abstract

The article reviews the issues of forming fish populations and studying the current state of commercial fish species in the delta lakes of the Syrdarya River for subsequent effective development of fish farming.  In 2020, research works were carried out on lakes Akbilek, Tushchy, Shomishkol, Karakol and Akshatau-Sorgak of Aral District of Kyzylorda Region.  At each of them, local ichthyofauna were identified and studied by way of experimental catches.  Subsequently, the ichthyologic material was selected, processed and underwent biological analyses.  The research also included the determination of physical and geographical parameters of target lakes, as well as evaluation of their chemical water composition.  Experimental and control fish catches were carried out using fixed nets with 18-60 mm cells.   For biological analysis, 239 fish were selected, including: snakehead (1 sample), wild carp (3 samples), crucian carp (9 samples), roach (102 samples), pike perch (25 samples), pike (26 samples), bass (35 samples), rudd (19 samples), sabre carp (1 sample), bream (11 samples), and asp (11 samples).   The suitability of target lakes for further fish husbandry use was determined based on research findings and available literature and archival data.

Download the article (rus)

For citation:  Adayev, T., Barakbayev, T., Sharakhmetov, S. (2021). Sovremennoe sostojanie ihtiofauny i perspektivy rybohozjajstvennogo ispol’zovanija del’tovyh ozer reki Syrdar’ja [Current state of ichthyofauna and prospects of fish-husbandry utilization of the Syrdarya River delta lakes]. Central Asian Journal of Water Research, 7(2), 20–46. doi: 10.29258/CAJWR/2021-R1.v7-2/20-46.rus. [in Russian]

References

Aleksandrov, S.N. (2005).  Cage culture fishery [Sadkovoe rybovodstvo].  ACT, 2005, 270 p. [in Russian]

Aqua-Сheck Photometer. The company Söll.  Available at: http://aqua-check.de/en/products/ aqua-check-en.html (Accessed November 13, 2020)

Asylbekova, S.Z., Kulikov, E.V. (2016).  Introduction of fish and aquatic invertebrates into the reservoirs of Kazakhstan: results and prospects [Introdukcija ryb i vodnyh bespozvonochnyh v vodoemy Kazahstana: rezul’taty i perspektivy].  Bulletin of Astrakhan State Technical University [Vestnik Astrahanskogo gosudarstvennogo tehnicheskogo universiteta].  Series: Fisheries, 2016, №3, pp. 16-29.  Scientific and biological justification for organizing commercial lake fish farming on the Karakol Reservoir in Kyzylorda Region [Nauchno-biologicheskoe obosnovanie v celjah organizacii ozerno-tovarnogo rybovodstva na vodoeme Karakol’ v Kyzylordinskoj oblasti].  Fishery Research and Production Center LLP, Kyzylorda, 2019, 49 p. [in Russian];

Barakbayev, T.T. (2012).  Some data on snakehead (Channa argus cantor) in the Kapshagai Reservoir and Ile River [Kapshagaj sukojmasy zhene Ile ozenindegi zhylanbas balygy (Channa argus cantor) turaly kejbir derekter].  Zharshy, 2012, №1, pp. 61-64 [in Kazakh]

Biological justification.  Determination of fish productivity of fishery water bodies and/or their sections, development of biological justifications of maximum permissible catches of fish and other aquatic animals, fishery regime and regulation in fishery water bodies of international and domestic significance, and SPNR water bodies of the Aral-Syrdarya Basin, as well as assessment of the state of fish resources in reserve water bodies of local significance.  Section: Shardara Reservoir and Syrdarya River within Turkestan Region [Biologicheskoe obosnovanie. Opredelenie ryboproduktivnosti rybohozjajstvennyh vodoemov i/ili ih uchastkov, razrabotka biologicheskih obosnovanij predel’no dopustimyh ulovov ryby i drugih vodnyh zhivotnyh, rezhimu i regulirovaniju rybolovstva na rybohozjajstvennyh vodoemah mezhdunarodnogo, respublikanskogo znachenij i vodoemah OOPT Aralo-Syrdarinskogo bassejna, a takzhe ocenka sostojanija rybnyh resursov na rezervnyh vodoemah mestnogo znachenija. Razdel: shardarinskoe vodohranilishhe i reka Syrdarija v predelah Turkestanskoj oblasti].  Kyzylorda, 2020, 105 p. [in Russian]

Biological justification.  Determination of fish productivity of fishery water bodies and/or their sections, development of biological justifications of TAC and SPNR, fishery regime and regulation in fishery water bodies of international, domestic and local significance in the Aral-Syrdarya Basin. Section: Local water bodies of Kyzylorda, Southern Kazakhstan and Zhambyl Regions [Biologicheskoe obosnovanie. Opredelenie ryboproduktivnosti rybohozjajstvennyh vodoemov i/ili ih uchastkov, razrabotka biologicheskih obosnovanij ODU i OOPT, rezhimu i regulirovaniju rybolovstva na vodoemah mezhdunarodnogo, respublikanskogo i mestnogo znachenij Aralo-Syrdar’inskogo bassejna. Razdel: Vodoemy mestnogo znachenija Kyzylordinskoj, Juzhno-kazahstanskoj  i Zhambylskoj oblastej].  Aralsk, 2016, 111 p. [in Russian]

Bogeruk, A.K. (2000).  Biological and organizational-methodical basis of selective and pedigree breeding in fish farming [Biologicheskie i organizacionno-metodicheskie osnovy selekcionno-plemennogo dela v rybovodstve].  Autoabstract, thesis, PhD in Biological Sciences, Moscow, 2000, 77 p. [in Russian]

Chugunova, N.I. (1959).  A guide for studying fish age and growth.  Methodological manual on ichthyology [Rukovodstvo po izucheniju vozrasta i rosta ryb. Metodicheskoe posobie po ihtiologii].  Publishing House of the USSR Academy of Sciences [Izdatel’stvo Akademii Nauk USSR].  Moscow, 1959, 164 p. [in Russian]

Determination of fish productivity of fishery water bodies and/or their sections, development of biological justifications of TAC and SPNR, fishery regime and regulation in fishery water bodies of international, domestic and local significance in the Balkhash-Alakol Basin.  Section: Reserve water bodies of local significance of Almaty Region.  KazNIIRH (Kazakhstan Research Institute of Fishery), R&D Report.  Almaty, 2016, pp. 36-39 [in Russian]

Dukravets, G.M. (2009).  The status of Perca schrenki (Percidae) in Kazakhstan.  Italian Journal of Zoology, 2009, pp. 374-375

Fefelov, V.V., Bulavina, N.B. (2019).  Reconnaissance of Big Salty Lake (Northern Kazakhstan Region) with the aim of establishing a lake commercial fish farm [Rekognoscirovka ozera Bol’shoe Solenoe (Severokazahstanskaja oblast’) v celjah sozdanija na ego baze ozernogo tovarnogo rybovodnogo hozjajstva].  Fish husbandry and fishery [Rybovodstvo i rybnoe hozjajstvo], №10, 2019.  Available at: https://panor.ru/articles/rekognostsirovka-ozera-bolshoe-solenoe-severokazakhstanskaya-oblast-v-tselyakh-sozdaniya-na-ego-baze-ozernogo-tovarnogo-rybovodnogo-khozyaystva/952.html  [in Russian]

Fish farming and fishing manual [Posobie po rybovodstvu i rybolovstvu].  Agropoisk, February 28, 2012.  Available at: http://agroden.ru/publ/rybovodstvo/posobie_po_rybovodstvu_i_ rybolovstvu/5-1-0-16  (Accessed November 13, 2020) [in Russian]

Klimov, F.V. (2007).  Biological basis for restoring the ichthyofauna of the Shardara Reservoir in Kazakhstan [Biologicheskie osnovy rekonstrukcii ihtiofauny Shardarinskogo vodohranilishha Kazahstana].  Thesis, Candidate of Biological Sciences.  Astrakhan, 2007, 147 p. [in Russian]

Kulikov, E.V. (2007).  Patterns of ichthyofauna formation in the Bukhtarma Reservoir and ways to optimize fish resource use [Zakonomernosti formirovanija ihtiofauny Buhtarminskogo vodohranilishha i puti optimizacii ispol’zovanija rybnyh resursov].  Thesis, Candidate of Biological Sciences.  Ust-Kamenogorsk, 2007, 219 p. [in Russian]

Lakin, G.F. (1990).  Biometrics.  Textbook for biological majors in universities [Biometrija. Uchebnoe posobie dlja biologicheskih special’nostej vuzov].  Moscow, 1990, 352 p. [in Russian]

Mina, M.V. (1976).  On the methodology for determining fish age during population studies. Standard methods for studying the productivity of fish species within their habitats [O metodike opredelenija vozrasta ryb pri provedenii populjacionnyh issledovanij. Tipovye metodiki issledovanija produktivnosti vidov ryb v predelah ih arealov].  Vilnius: Mokslas, 1976, pp. 31-37 [in Russian]

Mitrofanov, I.V. & Mamilov, N.Sh. (2015).  Fish diversity and fisheries in the Caspian Sea and Aral-Syr Darya Basin in the Republic of Kazakhstan at the beginning of the 21st century.  Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, 2015, pp. 1-6

Nortseva, M.A., Pudov, A.M., Blyalev, S.A. Recommendations for improving water use in the fisheries of Karaganda Region [Rekomendacii po uluchsheniju ispol’zovanija vodnyh resursov Karagandinskoj oblasti dlja vedenija rybnogo hozjajstva].  Available at: http://www.rusnauka. com/18_NPM_2008/Ecologia/34492.doc.htm  (Accessed November 13, 2020) [in Russian]

Pravdin, I.F. (1966).  Fish studies guidelines [Rukovodstvo po izucheniju ryb].  Moscow: Food industry [Pishchevaja promyshlennost’], 1966, 376 p. [in Russian]

Ramazanova, S.B. (1969).  The impact of some forms and time of application of nitrogen fertilizers on rice metabolism, yield and quality in Kyzylorda Region [Vlijanie nekotoryh form i srokov vnesenija azotnyh udobrenij na obmen veshhestv, urozhaj i kachestvo risa v uslovijah Kzyl-ordinskoj oblasti].  Borovsk; Moscow, 1969, 20 p. [in Russian]

Scientific and biological justification of organizing lake commercial fishery at the Akshatau-Sorgak water body in Kyzylorda Region [Nauchno-biologicheskoe obosnovanie v celjah organizacii ozerno-tovarnogo rybovodstva na vodoeme Akshatau-Sorgak v Kyzylordinskoj oblasti].  Fishery Research and Production Center LLP, Kyzylorda, 2019, 50 p. [in Russian]

Scientific and biological justification of organizing lake commercial fishery at the Tushchy water body in Kyzylorda Region [Nauchno-biologicheskoe obosnovanie v celjah organizacii ozerno-tovarnogo rybovodstva na vodoeme Tushchi v Kyzylordinskoj oblasti].  Fishery Research and Production Center LLP.  Kyzylorda, 2019, 45 p. [in Russian]

Scientific and biological justification of organizing lake commercial fishery at the Shomishkol water body in Kyzylorda Region [Nauchno-biologicheskoe obosnovanie v celjah organizacii ozerno-tovarnogo rybovodstva na vodoeme Shomishkol’ v Kyzylordinskoj oblasti].  Fishery Research and Production Center LLP.  Kyzylorda, 2019, 49 p. [in Russian]

Spanovskaya, V.D., Grigorash, V.A. (1976).  On the method of determining the fertility of single batch and intermittent spawning fish.  Standard methods for studying the productivity of fish species within their habitats [K metodike opredelenija plodovitosti edinovremenno i porcionno nerestujushhih ryb. Tipovye metodiki issledovanija produktivnosti vidov ryb v predelah ih arealov], part 2.  Vilnius, 1976, pp. 54-62 [in Russian]

Sukhoverkhov, F.M., Sinertsov, A.P. (2006).  Pond pisciculture [Prudovoe rybovodstvo].  Moscow: Food industry [Pishchevaja promyshlennost’], 1975, pp. 106-110 [in Russian]

Toleubayeva, L.S. (2006).  Assessment of water availability in certain components of the Aral Sea natural and economic system [Ocenka vodoobespechennosti komponentov priaral’skoj prirodno-hozjajstvennoj sistemy].  Hydrometeorology and Ecology [Gidrometeorologija i jekologija], 2006, №2 (41), pp. 97-108 [in Russian]

Zharikova, V.Yu. (2017).  Raw materials base of small reservoirs of Central Russia, its use and ways of expanding: case study of the Matyrsky, Starooskolsky and Belgorodsky reservoirs [Syr’evaja baza malyh vodohranilishh Central’noj Rossii, ee ispol’zovanie i puti povyshenija : na primere Matyrskogo, Starooskol’skogo i Belgorodskogo vodohranilishch].  Thesis, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences.  Rybnoye, 2017, 146 p. [in Russian]

Zinovyev, E.A., Mandritsa, S.A. (2003).  Freshwater fish research methods: Special course training manual [Metody issledovanija presnovodnyh ryb: Uchebnoe posobie po speckursu].  Perm University, Perm, 2003, pp. 23-26 [in Russian].

commercial fish, delta lakes, fish husbandry, modern ichthyofauna, Syrdarya River

Publication Alerts: