Mass balance of glacier No. 139 in the basin of Lake Karakul in the Eastern Pamirs
Kabutov H.K.a*, Kayumov A.a, Saks T.b, Navruzshoev H.D.a, Vosidov F.K.a, Nekkadamova N.M.a, Khalimov A.M.
a State Scientific Institution “Glacier Research Center of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan”,
734025, Dushanbe, Tajikistan, Rudaki av. 33
b University of Fribourg, Department of Earth Sciences, Fribourg, Switzerland
Mountain glaciers, including the poorly examined glaciers of Lake Karakul Basin, are considered the most vulnerable part of the cryosphere directly reacting to the changing climatic conditions. The most recent aerial photographing and single field surveys of the glaciation in Lake Karakul Basin wre carried out as late as in 1953. The investigation of the basin glaciers therefore represents great scientific importance, including in terms of glaciology and climatology. The article describes the calculations of the surface mass balance(S MB) of Glacier No.139 in Lake Karakul Basin allowing, based on the findings,t o assess the degree of climate change impact on the glaciation in the target zone,as well as the possible changes in the state of glaciers in the future. Durin g2018-2019, the mass balance of Glacier No.139 in Lake Karakul Basin amountedt o -0.26 m WE. Glacier No.139 is located in the basin’ ssouthwestern part. T he data obtained from the Karakul Weather Station allowed establishing that the climate in the target watershed is harshly cold with little snow in winter an dmild summer, and the bulk of precipitation occurring in the warm season. Due tothe fact that in the past and until recently no glacier mass observations wereco nducted in the target zone, the research findings can serve as initial data t oexpand the scientific and applied knowledge, as well as contribute to increasing thea ccuracy of glacier dynamics modeling in the area.findings can serve as initial data to expand the scientific and applied knowledge, as well as contribute to increasing the accuracy of glacier dynamics modeling in the area. the dynamics of glaciers in this region.
Available in RussianDownload the article (rus)
For citation: Kabutov, H., Kayumov, A., Saks, T., Navruzshoev, H., Vosidov, F., Nekkadamova, N., Khalimov, A. (2022). Balans massy lednika № 139 bassejna ozera Karakul’ Vostochnogo Pamira [Mass balance of glacier No. 139 in the basin of Lake Karakul in the Eastern Pamirs]. Central Asian Journal of Water Research, 8(2), 70–84. https://doi.org/10.29258/CAJWR/2022-R1.v8-2/70-84.rus [In Russian]
Climate data, climate record. [Klimaticheskie dannye, letopis’ klimata.]http://www.pogodaiklimat. ru/history.php; Accessed: August 5 2021 [in Russian]
Elsasser H., Bürki R. Climate change as a threat to tourism in the Alps // Climate Research. 2002. V. 20. P. 253–257. doi:10.3354/cr020253
G.M. Varnakova, V.M. Kotlyakov, L.E. Atlas, O.V. Rototaev. Surface water resources of the USSR, catalog of glaciers of the USSR [Resursy poverhnostnyh vod SSSR. Katalog lednikov SSSR] volume 14, Central Asia, issue 3, Amu Darya, part 17, rivers of the Karakul lake basin, Institute of Geography of the USSR Academy of Sciences. UDC 551.324. [in Russian]
Global Glacier Change Bulletin No. 2 (2014–2015) / Eds. M. Zemp, S.U. Nussbaumer, I. Gartner-Roer, J. Huber, H. Machguth, F. Paul, M. Hoelzle. Zurich: World Glacier Monitoring Service, 2017. 244 p. doi: 10.5904/wgmsfog-2017-10.
Hagg WJ, Braun LN, Uvarov VN, Makarevich KG. A comparison of three methods of mass-balance determination in the Tuyuksu glacier region, Tien Shan, Central Asia. Journal of Glaciology. Cambridge University Press; 2004;50(171):505–10.
Hoelzle, M., Barandun, M., Bolch, T., Fiddes, J., Gafurov, A., Mussione, V., Saks, T., & Shahgedanova, M. (2020). The status and role of the alpine cryosphere in Central Asia. In Book: The Aral Sea Basin: Water for Sustainable Development in Central Asia.Eds. Xenarios, S., Schmidt-Vogt, D., Qadir, M., Janusz-Pawletta, B., & Abdullaev, I., Chapter 8, 100–121.DOI:10.4324/9780429436475-8
Jackson, M., Tenzin, S., & Tashi, T. (2014). Glacier Mass Balance measurements in Bhutan. 16(c), 16069.
Kronenberg M, Barandun M, Hoelzle M, Huss M, Farinotti D, Azisov E, et al. Mass-balance reconstruction for Glacier No. 354, Tien Shan, from 2003 to 2014. Annals of Glaciology. Cambridge University Press; 2016;57(71):92–102.
Marlene Kronenberg, University of Fribourg. From point measurements to glacier wide mass balance 2016 «https://wgms.ch/downloads/CATCOS16_06_Kronenberg_point-to-glacierwide-mass-balance.pdf»
Mirzokhonova S.O., Dushanbe 2019. Thesis for the degree of candidate of technical sciences. Impact of climate change on the hydrological regime of the Pyanj river basin [Vlijanie izmenenija klimata na gidrologicheskij rezhim bassejna reki Pjandzh.]. Accessed October 5 2022 https://www.imoge. tj/kitobho/Monographiya_Mirzokhonova-S.O..pdf. [in Russian]
O.V. Rototaeva, E.A. Dolgova, V.V. Matskovsky, O.N. Solomina, G.A. Nosenko, I.F. Khmelevskaya. Reconstruction of the mass balance of the Garabashi glacier (1800–2005) based on dendrochronological data. [Rekonstrukcija balansa massy lednika Garabashi (1800–2005 gg.) po dendrohronologicheskim dannym] © 2013 Institute of Geography RAS, Moscow.UDC 551.324.902.674. https://doi.org/10.15356/2076-6734-2013-1-34-42 [in Russian]
Oerlemans J. Atmospheric science: Extracting a climate signal from 169 glacier records // Science. 2005. V. 308. № 5722. P. 675–677.
Panov V.D. Evolution of glaciation of the modern Caucasus:[ Jevoljucija sovremennogo oledenenija Kavkaza:] Dis. in the form of a scientific report for the competition. uch. step. Dr. Geogr. Sciences. Rostov-on-Don, Rostov state. un‑t, 2001. 58 p.[in Russian]
Popovnin, V. V., & Pylayeva, T. V. (2015). Avalanche feeding of the Djankuat Glacier. Ice and Snow, 130(2), 21. https://doi.org/10.15356/2076-6734-2015-2-21-32
Radić V., Hock R. Regionally differentiated contribution of mountain glaciers and ice caps to future sealevelrise // Nature Geoscience. 2011. V. 4. P. 91–94. doi:10.1038/ngeo1052.
Ruslan Kenzhebaev, Martina Barandun, Marlene Kronenberg, Yaning Chen, Ryskul Usubaliev, Martin Hoelzle. Mass balance observations and reconstruction for Batysh Sook Glacier, Tien Shan, from 2004 to 2016. Cold Regions Science and Technology, Volume 135, 2017, Pages 76-89,
USSR Climate Handbook [Nauchno-prikladnoj spravochnik po klimatu SSSR] Issue 31, 1988. [in Russian]