Surface area dynamics of Gunt River Basin mountain lakes (Pamir, Tajikistan)

Navruzshoev H.D.a,c*, Sagintaev Zh.b, Kabutov H.K.c, Nekkadamova N.M.c, Vosidov F.K.c, Khalimov A.M.c

a Institute of Water Problems, Hydropower and Ecology of the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan,
734063, Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, st. Aini, 267
b Environment and Resource Efficiency Cluster (EREC), Nazarbayev University, 53 Kabanbay Batyr Ave., Nur
Sultan, 010000, Kazakhstan.
c State Scientific Institution “Center for the Study of Glaciers of the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan

E-mail: kabutov.khusrav@gmail.com

https://doi.org/10.29258/CAJWR/2022-R1.v8-2/85-101.rus

Research article

Abstract

This article discusses mountain lakes that pose a threat to settlements and infrastructure, located downstream on the example of the lakes Rivakkul and Nimatskul in the Gunt river basin. In recent decades, the number and area of lakes have grown at an accelerated pace due to the reduction of glaciers in this basin, where there are more than 600 mountain lakes. The development of recom-mendations for the installation of equipment for early warning of the population about the outburst of high-mountain lakes is critical for the sustainable development of Central Asian regions. The purpose of this work is to study the dynamics of the surface area of two mountain lakes in the Gunt River Basin in the period from 2000 to 2019. Using remote sensing data, summary data were collected on the water supply, location and surface area of mountain lakes. This paper presents the results obtained from Landsat 7-8 images (August and September 2000–2019). Based on the data obtained, in 2006 there is a maximum increase in the area of Lake Nimatskul, whereas a maximum increase of Lake Rivakkul is observed in 2010. In Lake Nimatskul, a gradual decrease in water area from 0.513 km2 in 2000 to 0.462 km2 by 2019, while Lake Rivakkul has remained more stable. The dynamics of the surface area of mountain lakes is very closely related to meteorological parameters, and it has been established that the presence of surface and underground runoff stabilizes the surface area and the water level in it.

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For citation: Navruzshoev, H., Sagintaev, Zh, Kabutov, H., Nekkadamova, N., Vosidov, F., Khalimov, A. (2022). Dinamika ploshchadi zerkala gornyh ozer bassejna reki Gunt (Pamir, Tadzhikistan) [Surface area dynamics of Gunt River Basin mountain lakes (Pamir, Tajikistan)]. Central Asian Journal of Water Research, 8(2), 85–101. https://doi.org/10.29258/CAJWR/2022-R1.v8-2/85-101.rus [In Russian]

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GIS, Gunt river basin, Landsat, mountain lake, Pamir, remote sensing, water surface area dynamics

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