River basin recreational potential for rural tourism development in Aktobe region

Omirzakova M. a*, Sergeyeva A. b, Ramazanova N. a, Saparov K. a

a L. N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Satpayev st., 2, Astana, 010008, Republic of Kazakhstan
b K. Zhubanov Aktobe Regional University, A.Moldagulova Prospect, 34, Aktobe, 030000, Republic of Kazakhstan

*Corresponding author e-mail: omirzakovamiroslava@gmail.com

Sergeyeva A.M.: sergeyeva.aigul@gmail.com; Ramazanova N.Y.: nurgulram@gmail.com; Saparov K.T.: k.sapar67@yandex.ru

https://doi.org/10.29258/CAJWR/2024-R1.v10-1/21-39.rus

Abstract

The aim of the research was to analyze the climate comfort and assess the recreational potential of river basins for the development of rural tourism in Aktobe Region, Kazakhstan.  The ArcGIS 10.5 software was applied to conduct tourist and recreational studies in the target watersheds.  Methodologically, the research included two stages.  The first one comprised an overview of the available data on local hydrology, terrain (slope degrees), and climatic factors.  The efforts allowed creating four thematic maps based on ArcGIS 10.5 SRTM (Shuttle Radar Topographical Mission) imagery of the basins in question.  The second stage revealed the tourist and recreational efficiency of river massifs, specifically allowed evaluating the recreational use of rivers as per the proposed methodology.  It was found that surface water bodies are not used effectively enough in rural tourism development in the region, i.e. that this type of touristic services has not yet progressed due to numerous issues hindering their spreading, including the underdeveloped social and engineering rural infrastructure, poor quality of road network and transport communications.  All these lead to low attractiveness, diminish the effectiveness of rural ecology preservation measures, as well as complicate the organization and creation of proper tourist accommodations.  To analyze the possibilities of rural tourism development in specific areas, a special tourist and recreational assessment was carried out within the framework of the research.  According to climate index characteristics, the dynamics of the region’s climatic favorability was determined with the main conclusion that it is the poor infrastructure development in Aktobe Region settlements that prevents a full scale expansion of rural tourism in the target river basins

Available in Russian

Download the article (rus)

For citation: Omirzakova, M., Sergeyeva, A., Ramazanova, N., Saparov, K. (2024). Rekreacionnyj potencial rechnyh bassejnov dlja razvitija sel’skogo turizma v Aktjubinskoj oblasti [River Basin Recreational Potential for Rural Tourism Development in Aktobe Region]. Central Asian Journal of Water Research,  10(1), 21-39. https://doi.org/10.29258/CAJWR/2024-R1.v10-1/21-39.rus

References

Agroklimaticheskie resursy Aktjubinskoj oblasti: nauchno-prikladnoj spravochnik [Agro-climatic resources of Aktobe region: scientific and applied reference book] (2017) / Edited by S.S. Baisholanov – Astana, – 136 p. [in Russian]

Alieva Zh. N., Kyrykbay A. B. (2021). Auyl turizmın damytu maqsatynda Ontustık Qazaqstannyn

turistık klimattyq indeksın bağalau [Assessment of the tourist climate index of southern Kazakhstan in order to develop rural tourism]. Journal of Geography and Environmental Management, 60(1), 28-38. https://doi.org/10.26577/JGEM.2021.v60.i1.03. [in Kazakh]

Belov, D. V., & Brovko, P. F. (2020). Rekreacionnyj potencial bassejna reki Silinka (Habarovskij kraj) [Recreational potential of the Silinka River basin (Khabarovsk Krai)]. Pacific Geography, (4), 65-73. [in Russian]

Gosudarstvennyj klimaticheskij kadastr [State Climate Cadastre] (2023). Meteorological Yearbook. (Accessed 15.06.23) http://ecodata.kz:3838/app_persona/ [in Russian]

Davletgaliev, S. K. (2011). Poverhnostnye vodnye resursy rek Zhajyk-Kaspijskogo bassejna v granicah Respubliki Kazahstan [Surface water resources of the rivers of the Zhaiyk-Caspian basin within the borders of the Republic of Kazakhstan]. Hydrometeorology and Ecology, 1 (60), 56-65. [in Russian]

Derkacheva, L.H. (2001). Metodicheskie podhody k integral’nomu analizu klimaticheskih uslovij dlja rekreacionnyh celej [Methodological approaches to the integral analysis of climatic conditions for recreational purposes]. Geography and natural resources, 2, 41-53. [in Russian]

Zyryanov, A. I., & Gudovskikh, M. V. (2020). Prirodnaja zonal’nost’ kak princip turistskogo rajonirovanija [Natural zonality as a principle of tourist zoning]. Bulletin of the Udmurt University. The series “Biology. Earth Sciences”, 30(3), 332-339. [in Russian]

Mnogoletnie dannye o rezhime i resursah poverhnostnyh vod sushi. Kazahskaja SSR. Bassejn Urala (Srednee i nizhnee techenie Jemby) [Long-term data on the regime and resources of land surface waters. Kazakh SSR. The basin of the Urals (Middle and lower reaches of the Emba)]. Issue 2. – L.: Hydrometeoizdat, 1984. – 222 p. [in Russian]

Osnovnye gidrologicheskie harakteristiki (za 1971 – 75 gg.). Nizhnee Povolzh’e i Zapadnyj Kazahstan. Uralo-Jembinskij rajon [Main hydrological characteristics (for 1971-75). Lower Volga region and Western Kazakhstan. Ural-Embinsky district]. Vol. 12. Issue 2. – L.: Hydrometeoizdat, 1980. – 207 p. [in Russian]

Sevastyanova S.A. (2008). Jekologo-jekonomicheskaja ocenka rekreacionnyh resursov [Ecological and economic assessment of recreational resources]: a textbook. Saint Petersburg: SPbGIEU. [in Russian]

Sivohip, J. T., & Pavleychik, V. M. (2022). Sovremennoe sostojanie i ispol’zovanie vodnyh resursov transgranichnyh rek stepnoj zony [The current state and use of water resources of transboundary rivers of the steppe zone]. Water management of Russia: problems, technologies, management, (2), 95-110. [in Russian]

Sotnikov A.V., Bekmukhamedov H.M., Kovalenko V.A., Archdeaconskikh Yu.V., Guskova A.A. (1972). Vodnye resursy Aktjubinskoj oblasti i ih ispol’zovanie [Water resources of the Aktobe region and their use]. Alma-Ata: Kaynar.

Tillakarim, T., Sairov, S., Abayev, N., Serikbay, N., & Birimbaeva, L. (2022). Jem jäne Oiyl özenderı ağyndylarynyñ özgeruın bağalau [Assessment of changes in the flow of the feed and Uyil rivers]. Journal of Geography and Environmental Management, 66 (3), 29-41. [in Kazakh]

Aazami, M., & Shanazi, K. (2020). Tourism wetlands and rural sustainable livelihood: The case from Iran. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism, 30(3), 1-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jort.2020.100284

Berdenov, Z. G., Atasoy, E., Mendybayev, E. H., Ataeva, G., & Wendt, J. A. (2016). Geosystems geoecological assessment of the basin of rivers for tourist valorization. Case study of Ilek river basin. Geojournal of Tourism and Geosites, 18(2), 187-195.

Chashina, B., Ramazanova, N., Atasoy, E., Berdenov, Z., & Ilieş, D. C. (2020). Natural recreation potential of the West Kazakhstan region of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Geo Journal of Tourism and Geosites, 32(4), 1355-1361. https://doi.org/10.30892/gtg.32424-580

Dąbrowski, D., Jalinik, M., Sokół, J. L., Radwańska, K., & Szwedo, J. (2021). The reasons for choosing a leisure destination in the rural areas of the Bug river valley as per touristsopinion. Economics and Environment, 79(4), 149-161. https://doi.org/10.34659/2021/4/33

Kabdrakhmanova, N. K., Mussabayeva, M. N., Atasoy, E., Zhensikbayeva, N. Z., & Kumarbekuly, S. (2019). Landscape and recreational analysis of Yertis river upper part on the basis of basin approach (Kazakhstan). Geo Journal of Tourism and Geosites, 27(4), 1392-1400. https://doi.org/10.30892/gtg.27423-442

Medeu, A. R., Alimkulov, S. K., Tursunova, A. A., Myrzakhmetov, A. B., Saparova, A. A., Baspakova, G. R., & Kulebayev, K. M. (2020). Anthropogenic load on water resources of Kazakhstan. Eurasian Journal of BioSciences, 14(1), 301-307. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/360966911

Nezdoyminov, S. G., & Milashovska, O. I. (2019). River travel as a direction for the development of tourism in Ukraine. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 28(1), 148-158. https://doi:10.15421/111916

Obradović, S., & Stojanović, V. (2022). Measuring residents’ attitude toward sustainable tourism development: a case study of the Gradac River gorge, Valjevo (Serbia). Tourism Recreation Research, 47(5-6), 499-511. https://doi.org/10.1080/02508281.2020.1870073

Ozgeldinova, Z., Bektemirova, A., Mukayev, Z., Tursynova, T., & Yerzhanova, Z. (2022). Natural and recreational potential of landscapes of the Tobol river basin within the Kostanay region. GeoJournal of Tourism and Geosites, 43(3), 907-911. https://doi.org/10.30892/gtg.43309-903

Özözen Kahraman, S., & Çalişkan, V. (2012). Suggestions on Rural Development for Tuzla River Basin (NW Turkey). Zeitschrift für die Welt der Türken/Journal of World of Turks, 4(3), 221-235.

Ozturk, S., & Tonuk, G. U. (2013). Stakeholder participation as a means for river basin management plan. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 14(3), 1097-1106.

Parzych, K. (2013). Determinants of development of farm tourism in communes of the Wieprza River basin. Baltic Coastal Zone. Journal of Ecology and Protection of the Coastline, 17, 101-113.

Ramazanova, N., Toksanbaeva, S., Berdenov, Z., Ozgeldinova, Z., Tursynova, T., & Zhakupov, A. (2020). Analysis of the current state of recreational resources of the nura river basin, the republic of Kazakhstan. Geo Journal of Tourism and Geosites, 31(3), 1043-1048. https://doi.org/10.30892/gtg.31316-539

Samarkhanov, T. N., Myrzagaliyeva, A. B., Chlachula, J., Kushnikova, L. B., Czerniawska, J., & Nigmetzhanov, S. B. (2021). Geoenvironmental Implications and Biocenosis of Freshwater Lakes in the Arid Zone of East Kazakhstan. Sustainability, 13(10), 5756.

Ujvari, K. (2008). Development of Water Tourism–the Prospects of the Hungarian Tisza River Basin. Journal of Tourism Challenges and Trends, 1(2), 77-90.

Wang, F., Zhao, X., Qiu, Y., & Luo, J. (2023). Adaptability of traditional villages as tourist destinations in Yellow River Basin, China. Indoor and Built Environment, 32(3), 574-589. https://doi.org/10.1177/1420326X221126056

Wang, J., Zhou, F., & Xie, A. (2022). The impact of integrated development of agriculture and tourism on rural ecological environment quality. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/6113324

Zhang, H., Duan, Y., & Han, Z. (2021). Research on spatial patterns and sustainable development of rural tourism destinations in the Yellow River Basin of China. Land, 10(8), 849. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10080849

buffer zone, climate comfort, recreational activities, rivers of Aktobe Region (oblast), rural tourism

Leave a Reply